MILAN – More than one in two Italians intends to change jobs. This is what the survey “Italians and work in the year of transition”, carried out by the Foundation for Labor Consultants a few days before the Labor Festival scheduled from 23 to 25 June in Bologna, at the Palazzo della Cultura e dei Congresses. In particular, more than half of Italian workers (55%) want a new job because they are dissatisfied with the current one and 15% have taken action to look for another job.
A transversal phenomenon, widespread not only among young people and certain categories of workers, and rather new for a labor market that has always been characterized by stability and low internal turnover. The dissatisfaction (38.7%) and the desire for novelty (35.4%) rather than the need due to the expiry of the contract (9.8%) or the fear of losing the job weigh on the decision to turn the page (11.8%). Low wages (31.9%) and poor career opportunities (40.9%) at the root of dissatisfaction. But it is not only the salary and professional improvement that pushes for change. 49% of Italians indicate a greater personal balance, lower levels of stress and more time to devote to oneself among the essential requirements of the new occupation.
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Individual well-being, also thanks to the two years of the pandemic, is the goal above all of the under 35 and 35-44 year olds, a priority over the same economic improvement. Smart working has played a decisive role in this regard. If in 2021 the same home workers provided an ambivalent judgment, highlighting the criticalities connected to remote work, in 2022 as many as 84.2% of “agile” workers
promotes this model with flying colors, because it reconciles work and private life. 31.8% of Italians would not accept to return to work in person, 16.9% would change jobs and 9.3% could even quit. A model, therefore, which is consolidated and which changes not only the work, but also the underlying culture.
In fact, 50.2% of employees would prefer to be assessed on results rather than on working hours. But there is not only smart working. The pandemic has triggered a strong technological acceleration, “forcing” even the most resistant workers to deal with the new methods. 61% of respondents say that the technological revolution has changed the job; a minority percentage (13.9%) instead rejected, because it made the work more complicated (14.6%) and inhumane (11.1%), with the loss of value of people and relationships. But the evils of work do not arise only from economic conditions. After too low wages (56.7%) and high taxation (43.9%), the system’s poor meritocracy (33%) is the other critical issue: an issue felt with greater urgency than that of precariousness, especially by young. The idea of the “permanent job” therefore loses appeal.
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Although a secure job remains an indispensable objective for those looking for a new job (25.3%), the absence of meritocracy limits even more the few existing spaces for growth. “Technological revolution and smart working – says Marina Calderone, president of the National Council of the Order of Labor Consultants – are changing organizational models and defining a new approach to work. Smart working is a method that reconciles work with private life well, but it must be well structured so that it becomes an opportunity for the future
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